Saturday, June 23, 2012

Freshwater Fish Farming in Ponds-A small scale business opportunity

 India is blessed with large number of ponds and rivers.This adds great opportunities for Indian farmers to develop successful career in Inland fish farming.  Even though rivers  are great  source  of   Inland freshwater fishes ,using rivers for fish farming is a great challenge due to various reasons.So it would be more convenient if we can utilize the freshwater ponds available for fish farming.

Among total Inland freshwater fish harvest in India,around 65% fish contribution is from freshwater ponds.But we contribute only around 5% of the global production.So there exists great possibilities for India in this field.The main fact is that we are not utilizing the huge possibilities we have in this farming.

Fish is one of the favourite item in the food menu of almost 60% of Indians.So market demand is always high for fish items.If we consider the global demand also,the total requirement becomes very high.The main source of fish is from the sea.but the global fish harvest from the sea is decreasing rapidly.The only way we can ensure availability of fish to meet increasing demand is through fish farming.Inland freshwater fish farming plays major role here.We have large number of natural ponds here.With a good business plan and decision,we can convert this opportunity to a successful small scale farm.

Preparing The Pond

   The Important Infrastructure we require in this farming is the pond.We can utilize either existing one or we can construct a new one.Ponds are two types. Perennial and seasonal.For Seasonal ponds we have to use quick maturing Fish breeds as the water will not exist the whole year in this ponds.Preparation of ponds involves cleaning the bottom of the pond,fertilizing the pond,optimizing PH value of pond water,checking quality of water such tasks.These are important for high return.The Quality of the Fish produced depends up on the Quality of the pond.

Selection of Fish Breeds

 Selection of Fish breeds plays major role in the sustainability of our business.The decision should be based on market demand,maintenance point of view,availability of resource,effective utilization of resources etc.Carp items such as catla,Rohu,Grass carp,common carp etc are suitable for Indian ponds.Other breeds such as Tilapia,cat fish etc also cultivated in Indian Ponds.Polyculture (growing two or more fish breeds in same pond) is the suitable strategy for optimum utilization of resources.You can get quality fish seeds(baby fishes) from nearest fish farmer or from fisheries department.

Fish Feeding and Maintenance

 Special care must be taken while growing fishes.The water PH value must be 7 to 8 for optimum growth.Chances of virus attacks must be avoided.The  pond should be protected from predators.Daily scouting should be done and suspected fishes should the isolated from pond to avoid spreading of diseases all over the pond.Diseases can be treated by treating water using salt, potassium permanganate solution,chemicals etc.It is better to prevent diseases than curing it.

Marketing

 Local market is the easily available market for majority of farmers.But the profit will be less compared to exporting.Fish meat can be processed to produce value added products and the can be exported to foreign markets.formation of farmers association can help for this marketing.The advantage of local market is that,the selling of fish is not a problem here and farmers can get a decent income.So strength of both markets ensures the success of this farming.Fish farming is becoming one of the main farm field which reduce the unemployment issue in village areas.So opportunity always exists here for those who love fish farming.

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36 comments:

  1. I am an engineer and i want to start fishery as business.I have proper environment and even land for fishery.But dont have the proper idea,how to start and what are the steps to be overcome under Government rules in INDIA.Please help me email id-priyadarshini.pattanaik88@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. hi I am Darshan and currently working in IT industry.
      I have taken training on fish farming.I have very good idea to start parnership business if you don't mind.
      If you dont have any prob with that send me email on
      darshan_mali@yahoo.co.in / cell no : - 9833783583

      Delete
    2. Hi Darshan, I am in Pune and want to start fish farming business on a small scale. How can you help me. Please send me email on santoshdj123@yahoo.com

      Delete
    3. Dear all, we are providing water storage solution as well as this tank use for fish farming also.
      Tanks Capacity: 50,000 L TR to 750,000 L TR.
      Economical, Good quality, algae protection,10 yrs warranty,Min.installation period 2day to 10 days.min.space requirement.Easy to shift as per location , supply to all over India.
      contact:vedanta.engg@gmail.com

      Delete
    4. i want to start fish farming business in 1 acre land , do you provide fish tank in that place ?if you provide please mail me quotation

      Delete
  2. Hi I want to start fisheries business. I have land but need guidance in terms of ideas and know how's of fisheries. Does Govt provide any aid for the same. Pls email me jagjit.swain@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  3. Hello, Greatings for the day.,
    I am Mechanical Engineer and MBA graduate in Marketing from Bangalore. I have an agricultural land, i waned to start fish rearing ,so can guide me how to start, whats the cost involved and how to market the fish etc.,

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi all,

      Firstly you have to do a visit to nearby fish farm and understand how they are running the farm.Then find a good source for buyingfish seeds(babies). Costs vary depending on your infra requirement and breeds you farm.Try to make contact with Hotels and restaurants in your locality.It will help you to market products in bulk quantities.All the best for your business..

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  4. I have already constructed a concrete tank of about 70,000 ltrs capacity. Is there any possibility I can use it for fresh water prawns farming or any other type of fish farming? Also, can the water from such tank be used for other crops, if replaced by a fresh water on a regular basis?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Yes you can use it provided you create a favorable environment for the type fish you farm.Water from fish farm tanks/ponds contain essential nutrients which help the growth of crops. For both cases it is advisable to consult your nearby government agencies for getting better knowledge and different promoting plans of government.

      Delete
    2. Hi sajan,
      the information provided in this site is meant for giving ideas and first cut knowledge about different farming businesses.Before starting a farm businesses,it is advised that you consult with your nearby government agencies and visit at least two farms to have a better real time understanding.All the best

      Delete
  5. i want to start Fishing business
    akashforever7@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I am from Machilipatnam krishna District Andhra pradesh, I have 35 acers of fish/prawns farming land we will give low price rental or partnership plz contact 8790529258

      Delete
    2. hi aman let me know how much invested in 1 akr fish farm.

      Delete
  6. HI I WANT TO START PRAWNS FARMING IN ALIBAUG.
    KINDLY ADVICE!
    MR.S.G. PATIL
    lawrulz_saaj@yahoo.com

    ReplyDelete
  7. Hi there, I'm looking for Mugil Cephalus farmers in India, I'm very interested in fry to be imported from there.
    Thank you by advance for any advice,
    Singto
    +66924510108
    sanvidsmith@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  8. Let me find out the possibilities. At present I do not have idea about Mugil fries.

    ReplyDelete
  9. i want to knw the breeds which i can farm in fresh water in kerala

    ReplyDelete
  10. i am ibrar from west bengal asnsol, i want to start fisheries busines,i have land but need guidence in tems of idea and how it would be carry out . does Govt provied any aids/loan.what is the process, please email me. ibrar.15256@yahoo.com

    ReplyDelete
  11. Hi,i am parvej from Nashik (Maharashtra ) i am farmer & i have to start the fish farming ia my farm but i dont have more idea @ this business so please give me guidance & send me details on my mail parvejgf@gmail.com.I am looking for your kindly response.

    ReplyDelete
  12. im want to start a fish farming soon after been acomplished my college.What are the ways I must be taken before the implementation?I need you help.my email is(danielkalekwa@gmail.com)

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. this small scale business I want to start in Tanzania

      Delete
  13. Hi,

    I am Manoj.I want to start fresh water fish farming in Orissa.I am from Cuttack and want to do farming there.I have a land to create pond and planning to create pond in a Acre of land.I have also plans to do poultry and banana,coconut,mango cultivation near the pond.
    Please advice how can I accomplish this in a very efficient way.Investment is not a bar but I want to do farming in best possible way.
    I need help,Please mail me in my mailid:-m0n0jsahoo@gmail.com,manojsahoo41921@gmail.com.

    ReplyDelete
  14. hi,This is sapan form mayurbhanj,odisha,India. I want to start a fish farming. I have land to create pond & also i ahve a small pond in my home. I need help please hepl me. You can contact me at 'sapangiri4@gmail.com'
    mob-9662970156

    ReplyDelete
  15. i have good land and already excavated nearly 1 acre, i want to start fish farming, i want to know how much i have to invest and what will be earning and how much time is required , plz mail to me syedsaadatiqbal@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  16. HI,

    We are from Anchal kollam and are planning to start fresh water fish farming. Kindly advise where we can get the fish seeds. Also please advise what all fishes can be cultivated along with Karimeen. Is it possible to habitat prawns along with Karimeen.

    Arun
    09600153127

    ReplyDelete
  17. hi
    i am ramesh from andhra pradesh ,i want to start fish farming i have 2 acre land
    please advice how to start this business and investment pls mail to ramesh1369@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  18. Hi..
    I had done 7000000 ltr capacity of water tank, n I'm planning to start fish farming...any one help me to start.


    Jaideep K
    09881177899

    ReplyDelete
  19. hi
    i am janmejaya patra from odisha. i want to start fish farming within 2 acers.i have no idea please any one can help. call me 8937099389

    ReplyDelete
  20. hi ,
    I am prashant ,I want to start fish farming. I have 2 acre farm ,but I don't have any ideaabout fish farming. plz any one have idea so give me suggestion . My email id :- pcjadhavpatil@gmail.com

    regards
    prashant jadhav

    ReplyDelete
  21. Sir,
    I am seriously facing the problem of "Multiple farming system" utilizing all the wastages like, Paddy straw -Cow farming Farmyard manure using natural fertilizer,Saving of Rain water harvest in Agri field developing Inland freshwater Carp fish farming and bricks works, cotton ,Banana plantation,Various vegetables etc. We are coming circle type of farming using five acre land. We are cavery tail end area lands going all the lands soil fertility used the freshwater developed the Ricelands in last 15 years. but, our lands ph are fully alkalinity about 8.5 .This was the reason , we come in the multiple farming system.but,tamil nadu govt giving free current in Agriculturing for raising Rice crop only.We went Supream Court level.We are unable to win.THEREFORE ,PLEASE CHECKOUT your state norms.You can't use your Agricultural pumpsets.Water is very essential for fresh water Carp farming.We can able to do Spirulina, Inland fish, Rice, cotton,vegetable, Sugarcane, Bricks works and Herbal farmings are can able to do in seasonal basis. Govt support and securities are going down the farmers due to various reason.Every State Govt directly purchasing the farming products from other countries.

    ReplyDelete
  22. I would like to start prawn farming in and around Chennai (Tamilnadu). Please let me know any pond available for rent in and around chennai.

    ReplyDelete
  23. how too start fish farm in pratapgarh utter pradesh include all rents

    ReplyDelete
  24. Hi Everyone,

    My name is Gopinath, I am planning to start a fish farming in and around bangalore. Can someone help me with details like how much cost is involved, much space is required and long will it take to get the returns. Please mail me akshayat14@gmail.com

    Regards
    Gopinath

    ReplyDelete
  25. hai we are s seafood supplying agency in Cochin and Bangalore we required prawns cuttla roughu phangus plz contact us ;09535744623

    ReplyDelete